I s s u e  7   -   O C T O B E R,  1 9 9 9

Community Radio—for empowerment of communities
A joint Paper Purchase Centre?
Equipment Support to RM
How to Start a Community Radio
Newsprint for the Independente Print Press
Election Coverage in the National Public Radio


  Three Communications Centers in the provinces, initial contact and agreements with the three pilot Community radio stations and a green light to proceed with preparation to call for applications for support to the establishment of the remaining seven community radio stations. These are the important steps taken during the past month by the Media Project all based on the results reported in the “ Media Pluralism Landscape” study, covering the more than 90 media active in Mozambique at the moment, and the more than 40  projects expecting to be realized in the near future.

Communication Centers-for independent print media

  Beira, Chimoio and Tete have been chosen as the three initial centers to be developed on an experimental basis. A National Consultative Meeting organized by the Media Project on September 16 with participation from Independent Print Press from the provinces and Maputo further defined the initial ideas of the “Media Pluralism Landscape” study. Now small working groups are preparing initial projects descriptions and “business plans” in each of the three towns. If the working groups manage to keep the agreed work plan, it is expected that UNESCO will have approved the three plans before the end of October.

  The centers are foreseen to meet the urgent need for access to equipment and internet/e-mail connections expressed by practically all media in the study as well as in our own contacts with the independent media. To facilitate this, the study suggests that the centers are equipped with 4-6 computers with internet connection and e-mail, laser printers, a copy printer a photocopier, telephones and fax. Whereas this vision is more costly than the “newsroom” foreseen in the project document of our Media Project, we have urged the working groups to critically assess their needs and to suggest a step-by-step, modular approach.

  To ensure that the decision on the establishment of the communication centres as soon as possible assist the media in the important coverage of the electoral process, the working groups have also been asked to come up with a practical suggestion as to how and where a first computer with internet connection and printer can be placed in each of the three sites as soon as possible.

Community Radio—for empowerment of communities

  The pilot phase of the Community Radio Component of the Media Project is now in full implementation in the three sites: Cuamba and Homoine as originally chosen, and as INDER will start rural radio and TV soon in Marromeu this initially selected site has been replaced by a differentv type of Community radio developed by a social action group in Chimoio, GESOM.

  The three community groups are all working on an elaboration of project description and business plans as a basis for contractual agreement with our project, so as to facilitate our support in organizing and funding training and mobilization work. At “the right time” equipment will then be procured and installed.

  Furthermore a technical Advisory Group September 13 assistant the Project Management team in elaborating the framework for the second phase of our Community Radio Component. Based on these discussions and advice we are at the moment requesting from our legal advisors, we plan to within the month October to call for proposals by groups who have already elaborated concrete plans Community radio stations. A selection board will carefully assess these, and by early next year we will start the support to the remain seven Community Radio Stations foreseen to be supported by our project.


In 1995 the editors in Senegal were facing serious economic problems as the prices on newsprint kept rising. Together with the PANOS Information Pluralism Programme, a joint Paper resulting in 30% lower prices on newsprint.

Also in Mozambique the cost of newsprint takes up 50 to 70% of the budgets of the six independent newspapers using newsprint.

A meeting has therefore been organized by the Media Project on October 8 with the coordinator of the Senegal Paper Purchase Centre Alymana Bathily.

The aim of the meeting is to learn from the Senegalese experience and to explore the possibilities of also cutting prices here.

Equipment Support to RM

The Media Project met with management of Radio Mozambique on October 1st to initiate the foreseen component. A strengthened national coverage by the potentially most important medium in the country is the aim.

Based on a Terms of Reference to be defined, an independent consultant will together with the technical experts of Radio Mozambique assess the most effective way for the project to assist Radio Mozambique.

The equipment will be procured through an international tendering procedure to be run by the UNESCO head office in Paris. It is foreseen to be ready for installation early next year.

  How to Start a Community Radio

The three community radio stations being part of the pilot phase of the community radio component of our project will each send three participants to the training course on “How to start a Community Radio” which will take place in Xai-Xai October 18-29. This course is part of the Media Management training package of the Media Project.

Representatives from the many other community radio stations or projects will take up the remaining 7-8 places in the training course, which is again organized jointly by the Nordic SADC Journalism Centre and the Media Project.

Newsprint for the Independente Print Press

During the National Consultative Meeting held in Maputo on September 16, a working group was made up by the participants in the meeting, in order to come up with a proposal on how the Media Project could possibly support the print media with paper.

The recommendation was received by the project the following day and ways of meeting the recommendations are now being examined.


Election Coverage in the National Public Radio

September 20-24 the UNESCO Media Project in close collaboration with the Training Department of Radio Mozambique held a training course for editors and senior journalists from the provinces and Maputo on the many practical aspects of covering effectively the electoral process.

The training course included components of the legal framework of election reporting, basic journalistic principles, experience gathered by participants and invited guest lectures as well as series of practical exercises.

This training course was the first of two media project training courses on “Reporting for Radio”. The second course will be directed towards reporters from the emerging community radio stations and is foreseen to take place in February 2000.

Media Development Project c/o UNESCO, P.O.Box 1397 Maputo, Mozambique
Tel. + 258.1. 498752/ 490840 Fax +258.1.498717
E-mail: unesco@mediamoz.com