I s s u e 3 7 -
M o n t h ,
2 0 0 2
Community Radio and the upcoming Elections
Equipment in Bagamoio &
Rádio ARCO Officially
Readers Benefit from Paper
Radio and the upcoming Elections
While community radio is a mass medium, it is a very different one,
focusing on a narrow and well defined target group, living in the same
area, sharing the same day to day possibilities and problems. A
community radio by definition is owned and controlled by the community,
who also constitute its programme producers - and who knows better the
problems to address? And the solutions that need to be found? The
culture to be kept alive and further stimulated? And the day to day
victories to be celebrated?
As such a community radio needs to focus on the life situation of all
its many different communities within the community, needs to address
all the different issues and concerns of all of these in order to remain
a true medium of and for these. Only then will the community radio
continue to be seen as a credible and reliable development partner.
To honour the challenges described above, the community radio
programmers need to represent all of the different segments of the
community and UNESCO in Mozambique has - in line with the above
understanding of the development role of the community radio - chosen to
organise all the programme producing community members in editorial
groups. These groups work in different areas (agriculture, health,
education, culture, women…) and are responsible for turning community
problems into effective and useful community programmes.
With elections coming up in Mozambique: Municipal elections in 2003
and Presidential / Parliamentary in 2004, the community radios and their
community credibility is facing a major challenge: how do we navigate
locally among the many different interests? How do we manage the
challenge to thoroughly inform our community of issues at stake and
party-profiles? How do we maintain our neutrality and balanced reporting
capacity? And how do we remain a credible community medium for ALL
within our community?
In order to address this major challenge and potential stumbling
block for the important - yet fragile - community radios, UNESCO has
together with the ICS and the Austrian North-South Institute initiated a
series of seminars for community radio coordinators and management
committees. Seminars for the central and northern part of the country
will take place in July and for the South in August. All the country's
31 community radio stations will take part in these seminars.
The objective is to inform the radios thoroughly about the challenges
and the possibilities, and to jointly arrive at a common guide for how
to practically and concretely deal with the election period. It is the
hope that this will help the radios to effectively inform their
communities and avoid possible loss of credibility, without which the
radios would loose their basic justificatio
in Bagamoio & Chinonanquila
The Commmunity Radio stations of Bagamoio and Chinonanquila, located
in Maputo city and Boane district respectively, have their equipment
already installed, made up by a production and a broadcasting studio and
The installation of the equipment, by the South-African company
Globecom, took place during the last week of June and the first of July
The two stations are part of the Wave II community radio component of
the Media Project, including also Metangula, Milange and Dondo
communities, which will be receiving equipment within the next weeks.
In Chinonanquila, the local community radio association is under
creation with close support of the Project, and as a result of the
memorandum of understanding signed between the three parties, namely the
community, the mozambican scouts league and UNESCO.
The installation committee has already produced the statutes of the
association, which will be approved in a general assembly meeting
foreseen to take place in July.
ARCO Officially Inaugurated
The ARCO community radio station, located in the Homoíne district in
Inhambane, was officially inaugurated on June 25 this year.
The inauguration was festive, including traditional songs and dances,
traditional iniciation, speeches and many other activities, all live
broadcast to the many listeners.
The governor of Inhambane, Mr. Aires Aly, officially opened the
station. A voice of a child crying was heard afterwards, symbolising the
birth of the station - even though the radio has been on air
experimentally for the past six months.
Speaking at the ceremony, the governor stressed the importance of
community participation both in the management and programme production,
as a mechanism of ensuring the needed and most challenging
sustainability issue. He also appealed the community radio programme
producers to not forget the ethical and deontological aspects.
The Homoíne community radio is the second station that has been
inaugurated among the three of the Wave I component. Chimoio was
inaugurated on May 1st and Cuamba will be formally inaugurated as soon
Benefit From Paper Scheme
One of the main conclusions reached by the media houses that adhered
to the joint paper purchase scheme was that the scheme has benefitted
the readers. The scheme was initiated and financially supported during
the first year by the Media Development Project in view of rising paper
A report produced by the coordination group of the scheme states that
due to the scheme, newspapers like Savana, Diário de Moçambique,
Domingo, Demos, Fim-de-Semana, N´tseco and Universitário, managed to
maintain the actual prices of the papers, in the benefit of the readers.
The report explains that the joint paper purchase scheme created an
opportunity for the media houses to make some savings, since the Media
Project was covering administrative costs of paper importation.
The UNESCO support to the scheme ended last month. The main objective
was to reduce the paper costs by importing jointly and through this
experience create awareness of the media houses that working together
could help them obtain important benefits also in other areas like paper
importation, tax exemption, distribution systems, among others.
c/o UNESCO, P.O.Box 1397 Maputo, Mozambique
258.1. 498752/ 490840 Fax +258.1.498717